3D-printed mask fools Apple iPhone X’s Face ID

Using a 3D printer, the team at Vietnamese security firm Bkav created a mask. “Nose was made by a handmade artist. We used 2D printing for other parts. The skin was also hand-made to trick Apple’s Artificial Intelligence,” said Bkav in a blog post.

By Author   |   Published: 13th Nov 2017   10:45 pm
Apple iPhone X

The cyber security company says that recognition mechanism is not as strict as it looks
Using a composite 3D-printed mask, a team of Vietnamese researchers claim to have fooled Apple’s Face ID authentication system.

Using a 3D printer, the team at Vietnamese security firm Bkav created a mask. “Nose was made by a handmade artist. We used 2D printing for other parts. The skin was also hand-made to trick Apple’s Artificial Intelligence,” said Bkav in a blog post.

“The mask is crafted by combining 3D printing with makeup and 2D images, besides some special processing on the cheeks and around the face, where there are large skin areas, to fool AI of Face ID,” said Ngo Tuan Anh.

The Bkav security experts who also posted a video on how they did this, said that Face ID can be fooled by mask, which means it is not an effective security measure.

In 2008, Bkav was the first company in the world to show that face recognition was not an effective security measure for laptops when Toshiba, Lenovo and Asus used this technology for their products. “Many people in the world have tried different kinds of masks but all failed. It is because we understand how AI of Face ID works and how to bypass it,” the firms said.

“In the future, we might use smartphones with 3D scanning capabilities (like Sony XZ1); or set up a room with a 3D scanner, a few seconds is enough for the scanning,” it added.

Face ID projects more than 30,000 invisible IR dots and claims to only unlocks iPhone X when customers look at it and is designed to prevent spoofing by photos or masks.

Apple’s Face ID technology uses a TrueDepth camera system made up of a dot projector, infrared camera and flood illuminator, and is powered by A11 Bionic to accurately map and recognise a face.

According to the firm, the recognition mechanism is not as strict as one thinks and Apple seems to rely too much on Face ID’s AI.