Monsoon is the time when most of the people and organisations, besides NGOs and government departments and individuals take to planting saplings in a big way.However, what is not taken into consideration most of the time is that just planting any tree does not make sense. In fact, planting non-native trees does harm our ecosystem, and we must take care to plant the right native plants.Native trees are those that are indigenous to the Indian region and are part of the local ecosystems and support a wide range of insects, birds and other plant and animal life.
Native trees require fewer resources like water, maintenance and are more suitable to local climatic conditions. Planting non-native trees has done a great damage to the Indian ecosystems. Like other developed countries, India has no policy or mechanism to stop the large scale unregulated import of non-native plants taking place in India. Many feel fancied with the imported foreign tree or plant varieties, but what one has to understand is it is some kind of ‘ecological terrorism’ by non-native plant species.
We have many native plants that help us maintain our health.
Part of the most important staple foods consumed by human beings, trees like jamun (Java Plum), mango, amla (gooseberry), jackfruit, guava, coconut, banana and pomegranate are the most common Indian varieties which can be found everywhere, and procured and planted easily.
The beauty of Indian veggies is that they can be grown in pots as well as on the ground. Greens like palak, methi, coriander, pudina (mint), gongura (mesta), green chillies, brinjal, ladies finger, bitter gourd, pumpkin, beans, carrot, tomato, potato, ginger, and the list goes on.
Forest plants play a major role in controlling the pollution and balancing the environment. Ashoka, neem, peepal, gulmohar, banyan, etc., not only give us fresh oxygen, but also help in attracting a number of small insects, ants and carpenter bees to feed on them.