Hyderabad: Lexicon is not the only place where divorce comes before marriage. The D-word seems to take precedence over everything else these days. It devours columns of media space, consumes precious time of the courts and remains an animated point of discussion everywhere.
As the chorus of voices for and against goes up on ‘triple talaq’, the common man is left in a lurch. He doesn’t know what is correct. Even the Muslims appear to be a confused lot.
Perhaps to clear the air, the Tafheem-e-Shariat Committee of All India Muslim Personal Law Board has come out with a book ‘An overview of Family Laws in Islam’. The 197-page book seeks to lift the veil of confusion and ambiguity about principles of Shariat and explains the wisdom behind the Islamic law.
While it is certainly difficult for everyone to learn the principles of Quranic exegeses, master the rules of interpretation and sift through the innumerable ‘ahadith’ (words and actions of the Prophet) that help comprehend the Islamic jurisprudence, the book makes it easy to understand the subject. The clear and lucid style makes it even easier.
Written under the guidance of Moulana Khalid Saifullah Rahmani, globally known Islamic scholar, and secretary, AIMPLB, the book deals with the contentious issue of ‘talaq’ in depth.
“Almost every other law existing in today’s world tries to contradict or criticise this law without understanding the wisdom behind,” says Moulana Rahmani, who has himself written on divorce and khula in the light of Islamic teachings.
Spread over 14 chapters, the book covers in detail the law of marriage, guardianship of marriage, duties and rights of married parties, law of maintenance, adoption, law of dissolution of marriage, law of tutelage, maintenance of divorcee, Islamic law of inheritance, Islamic law of will, Islamic law of gift and wakf.
“Talaq is like a bitter medicine which needs to be consumed for one’s physical and mental health in some particular situations,” remarks Moulana Rahmani and recalls how Hinduism and Christianity had no concept of divorce initially.
The book talks in depth about the preliminary steps to be taken to avoid divorce through arbitration and counselling. It tells all about the types of talaq — revocable, irrevocable and durable. The use of words to validate talaq and words equivalent to it (kinayah) are all listed.
Various methods such as Talaq-e-Ahsan (better talaq), Talaq-e-Hasan (proper talaq) and Talaq-e- Biddai (heretical talaq) are also discussed in detail.
“Islam favours the wife to be treated well by her husband. And if separation becomes inevitable then it should be done in a civilised manner,” says Moulana Rahmani.
The chapter on ‘Islamic law of inheritance’ written by Quddusa Sultana is an eye-opener. It presents different family scenarios to explain how the woman stands to benefit more than the man. The book is a collector’s item – for anyone who wants to know all about Islamic law.