One-fourth of the cause of absenteeism at work all over the globe is backache. Apart from the common cold, this is another condition which can trouble any individual at one point or the other. Backaches usually refer to the pain in the lower back, an area which has taken the stress of modern day living. Fatigue of the lower back due to stress while sitting, standing and walking during the day is normal.
People who carry heavy weights constantly, like porters or postmen etc., can get affected easily. In children, an uneven curvature of the spine due to the heavy weight of the bag is the most common observation; in women who put on high heels regularly, an improper balance while walking is felt as there is an uneven projection of weight on muscles and ligaments of the back.
Women during pregnancy and, later too, are more prone to backache. It could be due to the spinal injections, if any, during caesarean sections that contribute to this. Many women, even when treated appropriately, still tend to suffer from pain called neurotic spine. The degeneration of bones of the spine due to loss of calcium i.e. Osteoporosis and loss of structure of the bones — Osteopenia — are the usual suspects of back pain. During menopause, they are more prone to back problems as the hormonal imbalance leads to paucity of calcium assimilation and, thereby, the pain.
Infections like tuberculosis can damage the integrity of the bones and the pathology for back pain. Injuries like whiplash or even simple accidents and stress on the back while lifting weights, sudden twists and turns can all be causes for chronic pain. Obesity can cause accumulation of fat around the abdomen stressing the ligaments and tendons of the back causing backache. Constipation is not an uncommon cause with the accumulation of gas in the abdomen that can aggravate this condition.
Management and treatment
Proper posture at work, with a leg rest, support to the small of the back and walking a few paces every half an hour at work would help prevent such a problem. Make sure your vehicle has good shock-absorbers. Exercise is necessary to keep the muscles of the back in a good shape and to prevent obesity. A warm water bath, massage and bed rest rejuvenate the back better than most remedies.
Arnica is a remedy when the pain is due to overexertion. If the pain is by walking Rhus tox will help. If there is an injury of the back with the ligaments being hurt, Ruta is known to cure. If weakness of muscles of the back causes pain, Kali Phos is useful, while women after delivery are cured by Kali Carb. If the loss of calcium is the forerunner for the pain, Calcarea Phos is found helpful and if the cartilage is affected, then Calcarea Flour relieves. If the discs are damaged causing pain in the back and also the lower limbs, Hypericum can cure like no other remedy can.