Women are troubled by numerous niggles in their life; one of them is the painful periods or dysmenorrhoea, which diminishes their energy and productivity briefly. Some amount of pain or discomfort during the phase is supposed to be normal, but if the pain inhibits the daily routine for a day or two every month, then it needs to be addressed.
The ovaries which release the eggs or the ovum, the oestrogen, which have built up the inner wall of the uterus or the endometrium as a preparation for conception, starts shedding down with the help of another hormone called progesterone. This is done by muscular contractions of the uterus walls to expel the endometrial layer. During the contraction, there is a lack of oxygen in the middle of the muscular layer of the uterus, so as to prevent loss of too much of blood during the cycle. This is further exacerbated when the prostaglandins cause further contractions leading to pain.
Cramping lower abdominal pain and sometimes pain in the hips radiating down into the lower limbs are the common symptoms of dysmenorrhoea. Nausea and vomiting are common too and diarrhoea is seen to be associated with the pain. Pain could start a day or two before menses and could be at its peak when the bleeding is also high. But, usually comes down after the second day of the menstrual bleeding. Headache further pulls down young women from concentrating on her work. Missing school, office or sports event during this phase are common.
Needless to say, a little exercise regularly would go a long way in correcting dysmenorrhoea. Walking, cycling and swimming are common ways to reduce the pain. Homoeopathic medicine has good remedies to correct this condition by relieving the pain, discomfort, nausea, vomiting, headache etc. Over a period of time, the pain during periods will come down in intensity with medication every subsequent month.
For nausea, vomiting, Apocyanum is the usual remedy. Cimcifuga helps in getting rid of headache and irritability, apart from the muscular pain of the lower limbs. Mag phos is probably the best to relieve the abdominal pain in young girls. Viburnum opulus is for the cramping pain and Senecio helps if anaemia is associated with this situation.