Peanut butter, a high-protein spread made from grounded peanuts, is a nutritious and delicious snacking option. A staple in many countries, especially the US, is finding growing acceptance in India due to increasing health consciousness and rising disposable incomes. Its texture and content make peanut butter a very tasty and filling snack. In other words, it is a super food. Although there are many known positives to eating peanut butter, it has some unknown positives as well. People think that peanut butter is for mass and muscle gain, but not many know that it is also great for losing weight. A tablespoonful of peanut butter contains almost 100 calories. But these calories are in the form of mono-unsaturated fats that aid weight loss and cut the risk of obesity thereby preventing heart disease.
Study suggests extraversion to stay happier
A study suggests that introverts force themselves to be an extrovert in order to stay happier. For one week, the 123 participants were asked to – in some cases – push the boundaries of their willingness to engage, by acting as extroverts. For another week, the same group was asked to act like introverts. The benefits of extraversion have been reported before, including those of ‘forced extraversion,’ but usually only for brief intervals. In one study, train-riders were asked to talk to strangers; a control group was directed to remain silent. The talkers reported a more positive experience. Psychologists favour ‘extravert’ to the more commonly used ‘extrovert,’ due to its historic use in academia, and the Latin origins of ‘extra,’ meaning ‘outside.’ According to all measures of well-being, participants reported greater well-being after the extraversion week and decreases in well-being after the introversion week. Interestingly, faux extraverts reported no discomfort or ill effects.
Children under five should avoid plant-based milk
While milk is surely advised as a healthy and nutritive drink for children, those under the age of five are advocated to keep off from plant-based milk. According to Healthy Eating Research guidelines, plant-based milk made from rice, coconut, oats or other blends – with the exception of fortified soy milk – lacks in key nutrition required for early development of kids. Moreover, these kids should also avoid consuming diet drinks, flavoured milk and sugary beverages along with limiting the amount of juice they drink. The guidelines came from a panel of experts with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association. The guidelines recommend children under one-year-old drink no juice at all. For age 1 to 3, it’s no more than half a cup a day, and for children who are 4 and 5, it’s no more than half-cup to 3/4 a cup a day.
Bowel cancer screening reduces deaths
New research showcases the effectiveness of bowel cancer screening in reducing approximately 45 per cent deaths. Bowel or colorectal cancer kills almost 6000 people in Australia each year and 700,000 worldwide but this number would be much higher without pre-diagnostic colonoscopies, says a study published in the journal of BMC Cancer. Researchers from UniSA’s Cancer Epidemiology and Population Health found that having one pre-diagnostic colonoscopy was associated with a 17 per cent reduction in cancer deaths – a 27 per cent reduction with two pre-diagnostic colonoscopy procedures and 45 per cent for three or more. Of the 12,906 records analysed, 37 per cent of the patients had pre-diagnostic colonoscopies and were more likely to live longer than those who were diagnosed after experiencing cancer symptoms.
Researchers discover vaccine to treat herpes
Researchers have discovered a new vaccine which is proving to be effective in combating herpes virus. In the study, researchers delivered the Penn-developed vaccine to 64 mice and then exposed them to genital herpes. After 28 days, 63 of the mice were found to have sterilising immunity, meaning there was no trace of herpes infection or disease after the exposure. Similarly, 10 guinea pigs, which have responses to herpes infections that more closely resemble that of humans, were also given the vaccine and exposed to the virus. No animal developed genital lesions and only two showed any evidence that they became infected, but the infection was not in a form that animals could transmit the virus, reported the study published in the journal, Science Immunology.
Now behold the world’s first blood incubator
With the help of laser technology, researchers have discovered the world’s first blood incubator, which will prevent blood transfusions and detect antibodies in pregnant women that may kill a fetus. According to the study published in the journal Nature’s Scientific Reports, these findings can bring pre-transfusion testing out of the pathology lab to point-of-care, with blood incubation time slashed to just 40 seconds, as compared to the industry gold standard of five minutes. This breakthrough has the potential to improve the pre-transfusion testing of millions of patients undergoing blood transfusions across the world, especially those having major surgery, going into labour or causalities of mass trauma and individual trauma. The detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies requires incubation at 37 degree C, often for up to 15 minutes. But the current incubation technology relies on slow thermal procedures such as heating blocks and hot-water baths. This delay adds to pathology costs and turnaround time, which substantially affects a patient’s chance of survival.