Hyderabad citizens under 360 degree police scanner

The database known as Integrated People Information Hub (IPIH) offers a 360 degree view of every citizen, starting with names, aliases, family details, addresses and information on various documents including passports, Aadhaar cards and driving licenses.

By Author   |   Published: 28th Jan 2017   1:15 am Updated: 28th Jan 2017   1:55 pm
Hyderabad
Source: Hyderabad City Police.

Hyderabad: An effort that began with the compilation of a comprehensive database of people here by the Hyderabad City Police, with an eye on pulling out data on offenders easily, has now become a unique multi-purpose tool for almost every government department, not just to detect or solve crime, but also to bolster security and ensure compliance across platforms.

The database known as Integrated People Information Hub (IPIH) offers what City Police Commissioner M Mahender Reddy calls a 360 degree view of every citizen, starting with names, aliases, family details, addresses and information on various documents including passports, Aadhaar cards and driving licenses.

Hyderabad
Illustration by Chaitanya Krishna

While the database already has information on everyone in Hyderabad, the State-wide database will soon be ready. Telangana is the first State in the country to have such an integrated database. 

One of the various offshoots from utilisation of technology by the City Police, the IPIH has data mined from both internal sources of the police, and external sources. The internal sources include information on arrested persons, offenders’ list, missing persons’ reports, FIR and case diaries etc., while external sources span across phone/water/electricity connections, tax payments, passports, voter IDs, RTA license and registration data, e-challans and even terrorist records.

The data is combined and indexed with unique identifiers and contact numbers, names and addresses by an Identity Resolution Engine (IRE), which glides available data sources and pieces together exact and inexact links based on identity information, matches results and establishes the true identity or profile of a person, known as a ‘Golden Record’. And this is available for authorities now within minutes.

“There are offenders who give different names and addresses when arrested for different crimes. But the IR engine mines through the data and collects common points and gives a complete profile of the person from various data sources, along with previous offence details and even a family tree,” an official said.

While the police use it for information on offenders, departments like Civil Supplies are now using it to weed out bogus and duplicate ration cards; the Water Board to identify those who are misusing domestic connections for commercial purposes, the Social Welfare Department for comparing scholarship data and the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation to identify tax defaulters, just to mention a few of the myriad purposes the IPIH serves.