This article details the provisions related to Municipalities as detailed in Part IXA of the Constitution
Article 243 T: deals with reservations in elections to Urban Local Bodies. It provides for minimum one third reservations for women and reservation on the basis of population for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. It also states that one-third of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes will also be reserved for women. It empowers the state to decide on reservation for Backward Classes
Article 243 U: deals with the duration of Municipalities and states that the Municipalities shall have a fixed tenure of 5 years from the date of its first meeting. It also specifies that the elections must be held before completion of tenure or within six months of dissolution of the Urban Local Body
Article 243V: deals with disqualification from membership and states that a person can be disqualified from being member of PRI
- if he/she has not attained 21 years of age.
- by any state made law completion of tenure
Article 243 W: deals with the powers, authorities and responsibilities of Municipalities. It states that subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the Legislature of a State may, by law, endow:
(a) the Municipalities with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-government and such law may contain provisions for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Municipalities, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, with respect to—
(i) the preparation of plans for economic development and social justice;
(ii) the performance of functions and the implementation of schemes as may be entrusted to them including those in relation to the matters listed in the Twelfth Schedule;
(b) the Committees with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to carry out the responsibilities conferred upon them including those in relation to the matters listed in the Twelfth Schedule.
Article 243X: deals with the Power to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Municipalities. It states that the State legislature may, by law,—
(a) authorize a Municipality to levy, collect and appropriate such taxes, duties, tolls and fees in accordance with such procedure and subject to such limits;
(b) assign to a Municipality such taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied and collected by the State Government for such purposes and subject to such conditions and limits;
(c) Provide for making such grants-in-aid to the Municipalities from the Consolidated Fund of the State; and
(d) Provide for constitution of such Funds for crediting all money received, respectively, by or on behalf of the Municipalities and also for the withdrawal of such money.