Hyderabad: Almost all the major health departments and agencies including Union Health Ministry, World Health Organisation (WHO) and Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have said that older adults and those with certain medical conditions are most vulnerable.
With Covid-19 cases getting reported in almost all the States, public health officials increasingly believe that it would be better for people who are above 50 years and even young adults of over 40 years who have health issues like cardiovascular ailments, diabetes, lung disease, hypertension, chronic respiratory and kidney disease, should strictly maintain social distancing.
Why older adults?
From the analysis of WHO on China COVID-19 outbreak, it is clear that individuals with highest risk for severe disease and death include people aged over 60 years. The China CDC study said that the age group between 30 years and 79 years formed 86 per cent of the total cases in Wuhan.
For COVID-19 positive patients who are above 80 years, the chances of death was put at 14.8 per cent while for those in their 70s, the chances were 8 per cent and for persons in their 60s, the fatality rate was 3.6 per cent, based on China CDC report.
Children least affected
So far, epidemiologists and researchers from across the world have not been able to explain why impact of coronavirus among children was low. Only 2.4 per cent of individuals aged under 18 years have tested positive for COVID-19 in China. The China CDC study said that the fatality rate for children and adolescents between 0 and 18 years is between 0.2 per cent and 0.4 per cent.