Practice paper for Civils Prelims

By Author  |  Published: 9th Apr 2018  12:35 amUpdated: 8th Apr 2018  4:41 pm
Civils Prelims

1. What part of the human brain is responsible for regulating involuntary functions such as heart beat?

A. Cerebrum
B. Hypothalamus
C. medulla Oblongata
D. Pons

2. Consider the following statements regarding cancer:
I. Cancer is a contagious diseaseII. Human papilloma virus causes cervical cancerIII. One of the important features of cancer cells is to establish new blood vessels to facilitate their growthWhich of the statements given above is/are correct?

A. I and III
B. II and III
C. I, II and III
D. I and II

3. From the options gives below, choose the order in which fats are placed from the healthiest to least healthier fats

A. Trans fats > monounsaturated > polyunsaturated > saturated
B. Monounsaturated > polyunsaturated > Saturated > trans fats
C. Saturated > monounsaturated > polyunsaturated > trans fats
D. Polyunsaturated > monounsaturated > trans fats > saturated

4. Match the hormones in List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the options given below the lists List –I

A. Glucagon
B. Growth hormone
C. Oxytocin
D. ProgesteroneList – II

1. Hypothalamus
2. Ovaries
3. Pituitary gland
4. Pancreas

a b c d
A. 2 3 4 1
B. 2 3 1 4
C. 4 3 1 2D. 3 2 4 1

5. Identify the part of throat that prevent the food from entering wind pipe during eating

A. Larynx
B. Pharynx
C. Epiglottis
D. Esophagus

6. In the following list, which blood group is considered as universal donor group

A. O-Positive
B. O-Negative
C. AB-Positive
D. AB-Negative

7. Assertion (A): Vascular tissues in plants are responsible for transport   Reason (R): Xylem in plants conduct water and minerals, while phloem transports nutrients 

A. A is true, but R is false
B. A is false, but R is true
C. A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
D. A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

8. Observe the following list I. Bacteria II. Virus III. FungiWhich of the above organism/s act as decomposers in nature?

A. I and III
B. II and III
C. I, II and III
D. III only

9. The most light sensitive area of human eye is

A. Cornea
B. Retina
C. Lens
D. pupil85.

Consider the following statements regarding CRISPR-cas9 technology  
I. It is an immune strategy used by bacteria against virusesII. Cas9 is responsible for making antibodies in response to viral infectionIII. It is widely used as a gene editing methodWhich of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. I and III
B. II and III
C. I, II and III
D. I and II

10. What hormone is generally detected in pregnancy tests

A. Estrogen
B. Progesterone
C. Thyroid
D. Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

11. Consider the following statements regarding tuberculosis

I. India is one of the high burden drug resistant TB countries in the world  II. HIV infected people are at high risk to contract tuberculosisIII. Multi-drug resistant TB can be treated using rifampinWhich of the statements given above is / are correct?

A. I and III
B. II and III
C. I, II and III
D. I and II

12. Bilirubin is a breakdown product of 

A. Hemoglobin
B. Thyroxin
C. Growth hormone
D. Steroids

13. Assertion (A): Monoclonal antibody binds to several epitopes on an antigen Reason (R): Polyclonal antibodies are mixture of monoclonal antibodies

A. Only A is true
B. Only R is true
C. Both A and R are true
D. None of them are true

14. Thalassemia is a disease connected to

A. Fat metabolism
B. Blood
C. Heart
D. Kidneys

15. Which of the following bases in DNA are called pyrimidines?

A. Guanine and Cytosine
B. Cytosine and Thymine
C. Guanine and Thymin
D. Adenine and Guanine

16. Consider the following statements regarding ELISA

1. ELISA stands for Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay
2. ELISA is a diagnostic tool that works based on antigen and antibody interactions
3. ELISA can be used in diagnosis of Dengue and Zika infections

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 1 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

17. What cells in our body produce antibodies

A. T-lymphocytes
B. Macrophages
C. B-lymphocytes
D. Phagocytes

18. Match the enzymes of human digestive system in List- 1 with the source given in list-II and select the correct answer using the options given below the listsList-I List-IIa. Ptyalin

1. Stomachb. Lipase
2. Salivac. Pepsin
3. Small intestined. Trypsin
4. Pancreas

a b c d
A. 2 4 1 3
B. 2 4 3 1
C. 4 3 1 2
D. 4 1 3 2

19. The phenomenon in dialysis process performed in kidney patients is

A. Absorption
B. Diffusion
C. Osmosis
D. Electrophoresis

20. Blood pressure is the pressure exerted on the walls of

A. Heart
B. Capillaries
C. Veins
D. Arteries

21. Consider the following statements regarding Somatostatin

1. Somatostatin is a regulatory hormone produced by many tissues of our body
2. Somatostatin stimulates the production of other hormones  3. Synthetic somatostatin is used in treatments of some cancersWhich of the statements given above is / are correct?

A. 1 and 2
B. 1 and 3
C.1 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

22. Assertion (A.: Upon consumption of alcohol humans walk clumsilyReason (R): Alcohol affects hippocampus in the brain 

A. A is true, but R is false
B. A is false, but R is true
C. A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
D. A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

23. Thimerosal a controversial preservative used in vaccine preparations contains 

A. Lead
B. Arsenic
C. Mercury
D. Cadmium

24. Vegetables such as cabbage and cauliflower are referred to as “goitrogens”. Which of the following functions are affected by them    

A. Thyroid function
B. Growth
C. Reproductive functions
D. Calcium absorption

25. Consider the following statements regarding ECOMARK

1. It is a label issued by Bureau of Indian standards for products that are ecologically safe
2. It is mandatory for producers to mention such information on the package
3. ECOMARK scheme provides an incentive for manufacturers and importers to reduce environmental impact of products

Which of the statements given above is / are not correct?

A. 1 and 2
B. 1 and 3
C. 2 only
D. 3 only

26. Assertion (A.: Targeting the RNA of the viruses is a potential therapeutic tool for treating the Zika ad Dengue infections Reason (R): Zika and Dengue viruses contain RNA as their genetic material 

A. A is true, but R is false
B. A is false, but R is true
C. A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
D. A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

27. Recently, you might have heard about the story on “ the Y-chromosome is disappearing”. What is the phenomenon that Y-chromosome uses to slow the rate of gene loss

A. Chromosomal recombination
B. Gene amplification
C. Inversion
D. Translocation

28. Cytoplasmic inheritance is a phenomenon connected to

A. Chromosomes
B. Mitochondria
C. Chloroplast
D. Lysosomes

29. Clinical death of a person is declared when 

A. Heart stops functioning
B. Brain tissue degenerates
C. Kidneys cease to function
D. Lungs cease to function

30. What are the key properties of stem cells?I. Self-renewalII. Unspecialized natureIII. Ability to differentiateIV. Tissue repairChoose the right answer from the options below

a) I and III

b) I, II and III
c) I, III and IV
d) All the above

31. Consider the following statements regarding CRISPR-cas9 technology 

I. It is a genome editing tool
II. Cas9 is a RNA that allows the detection of foreign sequence
III. The advantage of this method lies in its precision in cutting the host DNA at target site Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

a) I and III
b) II and III
c) I, II and III
d) I and II32. Assertion

(A): Mass bathing in Ganga during pilgrimages maybe contributing to antimicrobial resistance
Reason (R): Bacteria can gain resistance to antibiotics under selection pressure due to excess use of antibiotics 

a) A is true, but R is false
b) A is false, but R is true
c) A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
d) A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

33. As per India’s “National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) (2017-21)”, which of the following statements are correct  

I. Improving awareness and understanding of AMR in public and all other stakeholders
II. Reducing the incidence of infection through effective infection prevention and control
III. Optimizing the use of antimicrobial agents in health, animals and foodIV. Limiting the current treatments to single highly potent antibiotics

a) I and IV
b) II and III
c) I, II and III
d) All the above

34. Match the List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the options given below the lists List-I List-IIA. World AIDS day

1. March 24th B. World TB day
2. May 11th C. National technology day
3. June 5th D. World environment day
4. December 1st     A B C D a. 2 3 4 1 b. 2 3 1 4 c. 4 1 2 3 d. 3 2 4 135. India and European

35.Union came to an agreement regarding sharing the earth observation satellite data. Which family of European satellites do India will share the data with  

a. Copernicusb. Junoc. INSPIREd. GEOSS36. Match the List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the options given below the lists List-I List-II

A. ISRO Satellite Centre 1. Hyderabad
B. National Remote Sensing Centre 2. Thiruvananthapuram
C. Space Application Centre 3. Bangalore
D. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre 4. Ahmedabad
A B C D
a. 2 3 4 1
b. 2 3 1 4
c. 4 1 2 3
d. 3 1 4 237.

37.Which one of the following best describes “smart anti-airfield weapon’ (SAAW), developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation recently?

a. Atomic bomb
b. Nuclear bomb
c. Glide bomb
d. Anti-runway penetration bomb

38. “GEAC”, often in news regarding “Genetically modified crops” is 

a. Genetic engineering Approval Committee
b. Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee
c. Genome Engineering Allocation Counsel
d. Genome Engineering Authoritative Commission

39. Assertion (A): DNA fingerprinting can be used in identifying the dead bodies of victims from disastersReason (R):  DNA fingerprints of an individual shows about 50% match with parents and between 25-75 % match with siblings 

a) A is true, but R is false
b) A is false, but R is true
c) A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
d) A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

40. Consider the following statements regarding “DNA profiling bill-draft (2017)”

I. National databanks are responsible for storing the profiling dataII. Variations at 17 different locations in DNA will be probed for constructing a DNA fingerprintIII. Consent of the person under investigation is required before collecting any samples

Which of the following statement/s is/are correct

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) I & III only
d) All the above

41. What is “BharatNet project” initiative by government of India about?

a. To connect all educational institutions across India through a broadband service
b. To provide high-speed broadband to all gram panchayats
c. To create a network of all health centers across India
d. To connect both educational and health institutions in India

42. What is the theme for the upcoming “World environment day”, which is planned to be hosted in India this year?

a. Beat plastic pollution
b. Eliminate antimicrobial resistance
c. Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
d. “Safe environment – better future”

43. Identify the greatest contribution/s to science by legendry scientist “Stephen Hawking”

I. Black hole radiation
II. Theory of relativity
III. Formation of galaxies
IV. Formation of Universe

Choose the right answer from the below options 
a) I and III
b) II and III
c) I, III, and IV
d) All the above

44. Assertion (A): “Human Genome Project-Write” aims at synthesizing human genomeReason (R): Only writing a code will teach us how the designing principles work 

a) A is true, but R is false
b) A is false, but R is true
c) A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
d) A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

KEY:

1.A 2.B 3.D 4.D 5.A 6.D 7.A8.A 9.D 10.A 11.A 12.C 13.C 14.C15.B 16.B 17.D 18C 19.A 20.C 21.D22.B 23.D 24.C 25.A 26.C 27.C 28.B29.B 30.A 31.B 32. A 33.D 34.C 35.C36.A 37.D 38.C 39.B 40.C 41.C 42.B43.A 44.C Deepika Reddy, Director of Shikara Academy