Hyderabad: The onset of monsoon is a time to rejoice, as day time temperatures start dropping, paving the way for agreeable weather conditions. While the rainy season brings lot of excitement, it is also well known to trigger a clutch of seasonal ailments that not only tests the preparedness of public healthcare institutions but is also a challenge for local district health administration and individual families in keeping water borne ailments at bay.
Hyderabad and other districts in the State are in a different position, as they have to contend with the seasonal swine flu, in addition to water and vector-borne ailments like malaria, typhoid, dengue, cholera and diarrhoea. Barring a few months of summer, when high temperatures make it difficult for the seasonal flu virus to survive, the fight against swine flu in Telangana has become a year-long affair. This year (from January to June), the State has already recorded nearly 1200 swine flu positive cases and 18 swine flu deaths due to complications.
“We have always been advocating the need for individual families to be aware of their surroundings, which goes a long way in controlling seasonal ailments. While the district and health authorities will roll-out the monsoon action plan, we urge individuals to be cautious and take precautions,” says Superintendent, Fever Hospital, Dr K Shankar.
The most common illness caused during rainy season is dengue, malaria, common cold, food poisoning, cholera and diarrhoea. Traditionally, according to public health experts, dengue and malaria cases are bound to increase in Hyderabad from the starting of monsoon due to spike in mosquito breeding.
Quite often, along with dengue cases, cases of chikungunya also get reported in Hyderabad, which requires vector control measures. Viral fevers have also remained the most common medical conditions that tend to impact a majority in the city. Persistent humidity, warm weather along with rains are the reasons for viral fever and this is usually transmitted through air.
Typhoid and Cholera
Due to lack of hygiene while accessing food and water, typhoid is the most common ailment that occurs during monsoons. Quite often, the typhoid infection can remain in the gall bladder of the patient, even after they are cured.
Monsoons also trigger cases of cholera, another deadly disease that spreads due to contaminated food and water. Doctors also associate poor hygienic conditions for the spread of cholera. Quite often, cholera could be fatal unless patients are put on immediate treatment.