Hyderabad: The agriculture sector in Telangana never had it so good as is being witnessed in the ongoing Vaanakalam season, with farmers across the State swiftly adapting to regulated farming introduced by the government.
This welcome development combined with increased area under cultivation, bountiful water availability in irrigation projects and prospects of good rainfall can only mean one thing — an unprecedented bumper crop leading to a prosperous farming community.
June brought in unexpected excess rainfall, groundwater levels are rising and to top it all, a massive 328.29 tmc has been stored in the major reservoirs of the State, setting the ground for enthusiastic farmers to start farm operations on a brisk note in almost all the districts.
The area under cultivation for the Vaanakalam season has doubled over the last one year. While it was only 37,36,458 acres last year, as on Thursday this year, a total of 63,18,769 acres have been brought under cultivation. What is heartening is that farmers have willingly taken up cultivation of market-driven crops as suggested by the State government, instead of going in for the traditional paddy, which was always the farmer’s favourite till now.
Cotton cultivation, strongly favoured by the government, has surpassed its targetted extent and is now at 101 per cent. Farmers have gone in for several alternative crops such as jowar, ragi, red gram, soybean and sugarcane instead of merely paddy. Paddy cultivation has been taken up in only 14 per cent of its normal sowing area this Vaanakalam based on the government’s suggested cropping pattern.
A look into the crop-wise area of cultivation gives an indication of how easily farmers have slipped into regulated farming. While paddy cultivation has registered a 14 per cent increase compared with the last season, that of jowar has increased by 74 per cent with it taken up in 88,134 acres, bajra in 1,366 acres, maize in 68,297 acres, ragi in 757 acres and minor millets in 122 acres. Under coarse grains, red gram has been sown in double the area compared with last year at 6,87,484 acres this year, green gram in 99,988 acres and black gram in 33,082 acres.
Under oilseeds category, cotton cultivation has doubled from 24,27,785 acres last year to 45,02,863 acres this Vaanakalam. Groundnut has been taken up in 5,701 acres, sesame in 515 acres, castor in 26,662 acres and Soybean in record 3,96,663 acres.
District-wise area sown
In terms of cultivation area, Asifabad with 105 per cent, Adilabad (98%), Narayanpet (96%) and Sangareddy (91%) top the list of districts where sowing for Vaanakalam is in progress. The status of other districts that have achieved faster sowing rates are Rangareddy (2,38,862 acres), Vikarabad (3,11,767 acres), Nizamabad (2,34,882 acres), Kamareddy (2,63,451 acres), Medak (1,55,981 acres), Siddipet (2,33,938 acres), Mahabubnagar (2,07,412 acres) and Nagarkurnool (3,84,855 acres).
While the total area sown under paddy so far is 3,85,685 acres across the State, Nizamabad, Kamareddy, Medak , Sangareddy Yadadri, Jayashankar Bhupalpally, Jagityal and Rajanna-Sircilla stood first in acreage. Rangareddy, Sangareddy, Mahabubnagar, Nagarkurnool, Wanaparthy, Narayanpet, Yadadri, Rajanna-Sircilla, Adilabad and Asifabad have completed sowing of jowar comparatively in larger tracts of land compared with other districts.
Under Bajra, Vikarabad, Nagarkurnool and Nirmal, which had almost no acreage under the crop last season, have taken up cultivation in 243, 217 and 782 acres respectively this year.
Maize has been welcomed with open hands in Nizamabad, Kamareddy, Siddipet, Nagarkurnool, Jagtiyal and Nirmal. Vikarabad has taken Raagi in 578 acres while Korra (Minor Millet) was experimented in Vikarabad and Narayanpet in Vaanakalam. Red gram was taken in a big way in all districts except Mulugu, which once has sown the crop in 292 acres under the same season. Narayanpet tops in red gram with 1,50,910 acres, followed by Vikarabad (87,810 acres).
Every district in Telangana has adopted cotton in a big way. Except for Medchal and Nizamabad, all other districts have sown the crop this Vaanakalam based on the State government’s regulated farming call. While sowing under sesame, castor and sunflower is picking up, soybean has been taken up in 82,086 acres in Nirmal, 79,545 acres in Nizamabad, 77,302 in Kamareddy, 65,551 in Adilabad and 52,041 in Siddipet.
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