New Delhi: The counting of votes for the seven-phase elections to India’s lower house of Parliament, the world’s biggest democratic exercise, will take place on Thursday, bringing the curtain down on a bitterly-fought contest which the country rarely witnessed.
Most of the exit polls predicted that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is on course to retain power for a second term, riding on Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s charisma like the way he swept to power in 2014. But, the opposition parties trashed results of the exit polls, claiming that BJP will suffer severe drubbing due to rising unemployment, farm distress and slowdown in the economy.
The voting was staggered between April 11 and May 19 in which around 67 per cent of the nearly 900 million eligible people exercised their franchise to elect 542 members of the Lok Sabha from a total of 8,049 contestants. In the 2014 elections, BJP won 282 seats while Congress suffered a severe drubbing getting an all-time low of 44 seats as against 206 it won in 2009.
From ‘chowkidar chor hai’ and ‘bhrashtachari no. 1’ to ‘khaki underwear’, acerbic remarks ruled the roost this election season, making it one of the most bitterly-contested parliamentary polls post Independence.
Election Commission (EC) officials said the counting of votes for the Lok Sabha elections will begin at 8 am on Thursday and results are expected only by late evening. For the first time in Lok Sabha polls, EC will tally vote count on Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) with voter verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) slips in five polling stations in each Assembly segment of a Parliamentary constituency.
It will effectively mean that out of nearly 10.3 lakh polling stations, the EVM-VVPAT matching will take place in 20,600 such stations. In case of a mismatch, the results based on paper slip count will be considered as final. The entire exercise of EVM-paper trail machine matching will take an additional four to five hours, EC officials said.
Opposition parties on Tuesday raised concerns over reports of alleged tampering of EVMs and asked EC to ensure transparency in counting. EC officials said the voting percentage of 67.11 this time was the highest ever-voter turnout in Indian Parliamentary elections. They said as per procedure, postal ballots would be the first to be counted.
The number of service voters stands at 18 lakh and these include personnel of the armed forces, central police force personnel and State police personnel who are posted outside their constituencies. Diplomats and support staff posted in Indian embassies abroad are also counted as service voters.
Out of the 18 lakh registered voters, 16.49 lakh sent their postal ballots to their respective Returning Officers as on May 17. The exercise of counting postal ballots manually will itself take a couple of hours at least, an EC official said.
Out of the 543 Lok Sabha seats, elections were held in 542 constituencies as EC cancelled polls to the Vellore constituency on the ground of excessive use of money power. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, several Union Ministers, Congress president Rahul Gandhi, UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi and SP chief Akhilesh Yadav are among the key leaders who contested the polls.
States, UTs told to watch out for violence
A day before counting of votes for the Lok Sabha polls, the Union Home Ministry on Wednesday alerted all States and Union Territories (UTs) on the possibility of violence in different parts of the country, saying calls were given in various quarters for inciting violence.
The ministry also said it asked the States and UTs to maintain law and order, peace and public tranquility. “The Home Ministry alerted the State Chief Secretaries and Directors General of Police regarding possibility of eruption of violence in different parts of the country in connection with the counting of votes tomorrow (Thursday),” the statement read.
The Ministry said the States and UTs were further asked to take adequate measures for the security of strong rooms and venues of counting of votes. “This is in the wake of calls given and statements made in various quarters for inciting violence and causing disruption on the day of counting of votes,” it said.
The central security agencies received inputs that some organisations and individuals, particularly in Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar and Tripura, gave certain statements which may lead to violence and disruption in counting process, an official said.