Hyderabad: Several cases of ‘Norovirus’ infections have been reported since May in the United Kingdom. The Norovirus is said to be affecting people of all age groups.
According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, vomiting and diarrhea are the most common symptoms. Norovirus is also called the ‘winter vomiting bug’ by Public Health England as the outbreak can occur most often from the months of November to April.
Method of Transmission
Although people with norovirus can shed billions of virus particles, only a few of them can make other people sick. The virus can transmit through contaminated food and water or through direct exposure to the person who has contracted it, i,e sharing food or utensils with the infected person.
Symptoms of Norovirus
Common symptoms include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and stomach pain. Norovirus causes acute gastroenteritis which is commonly known as inflammation of stomach and intestines. The other symptoms are fever, headache and body aches.
Mode of infection
After getting infected, a person can develop symptoms in 12 to 48 hours. Most people recover in 1 to 3 days.
The above mentioned symptoms could lead to extreme dehydration that in turn leads to decrease in urination, dizziness when in motion and also a sore throat and mouth. Intake of a lot of fluids is important to cover up the water loss. Fluids would be given through intra vein in case of people with extreme dehydration.
Prevention of Norovirus
Prevention is better than cure for this too, just like for any other virus. The care to be taken is much similar to the coronavirus infection. Proper hand hygiene is the key! Wash your hands after using the toilet and changing diapers as the Norovirus can be found in your fecal matter even before you start feeling sick. Ensure that you wash hands before eating, preparing, and handling food items, and also before giving or taking medicines.
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